Carl Rogers Person Centred Theory Psychology Essay

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Carl Rogers Person Centred Theory Psychology Essay

Carl Rogers Person Centred Theory Psychology Essay

This essay will include information on the purpose and function of a counsellor and will explain and measure the key concepts, phenomenology, existentialism, the seven phases of method and the six important and adequate conditions for therapeutic switch and show how these are very important to a trainee counsellor. As well as seeking at locus of evaluation, the organismic valuing process, a fully working person and the core conditions being in place in a counselling setting. All these in mind influencing the counselling practice of a person trained in person centred counselling. All factors to be discussed will be in all ways important for a trainee counsellor to review because they are all highly useful toward the knowledge and understanding wanted before practising in person-centred counselling.

Person-centred counselling is certainly a humanistic strategy, founded by Carl Rogers to market human psychological growth. The aim was to help people achieve a far more satisfying and imaginative life for themselves. This approach was to greatly help in a one-to-one romantic relationship that of a client and of a counsellor and sometimes a group session. The position of the counsellor is to be understanding, and without the six important and sufficient conditions, typically the three core circumstances of empathy, congruence and unconditional confident regard, a counsellor can’t be as understanding as they wish to think, towards a client. As without working with things within their own existence, in personal production or learning how to not judge an individual for things they have completed or how they live their lives, how can they deal with the personal thoughts and feelings of somebody who will be brought to a counselling session?

Lietaer (1984) as cited in Tursi and Cochran’s (2006:388) article, said:

“The more I agree to myself and am in a position to be present in a comfortable method with everything that bubbles up in me, without fear or defence, the extra I can come to be receptive to everything that lives in my client”

If such training is not given then this could be more detrimental toward a customer and possibly the counsellor. A difficulty may arise with a customer that may well be very close to home for the counsellor and if it has not before been dealt with, could become very hard for the counsellor to attempt to deal with. In such circumstances generally there should of training be someone who could supervise or be there for advice. However, the effect this may contain on the counsellor if not dealt with the right way could be detrimental. Judgements are easy to make, whether they are right or not really is not relevant, as a counsellor should not judge. As a training counsellor, the trip is to greatly help and guide the trainee to get non-judgemental, to possess congruence and to become empathic. These may verify difficult if the client gives something to the session that runs against everything the counsellor believes in but the unconditional positive regard and congruence mainly, should be in place. If the counsellor discovers this also difficult, referral is an option as long as the counsellor stays professional throughout.

As a counsellor, getting self-aware permits the counsellor to most probably to the client’s very own experience, one foot in a single ft . out. Embracing the client’s experiencing but making sure never to be taken entirely as this is actually the journey of your client certainly not of the counsellor as such. This assist’s the client in moving on as they are feeling paid attention to as the counsellor is definitely empathic toward them and suffering from in a single way, what it is that the client has experienced or can be experiencing, in turn, providing the necessary conditions to assist the client on their journey. Realizing that they as a client are being heard should go quite a distance, as Frankland et al (1995) states that hearing someone’s thought’s is entirely different to listening to that of someone’s feelings.

As section of the British culture, back my dream house essay the past, people have been taught that for example ‘big boys do not cry’ or ‘children have emerged not heard’ and that there is a time and a place for emotions of any sort to be expressed, accordingly not publicly. This can cause problems for a person what is a annotated bibliography to hear another’s feelings genuinely and respecting the feelings of another or alternatively it can be very hard to express these thoughts and emotions after being informed during childhood etc. that this was the wrong way of working with the emotions.

The position and function of a counsellor is certainly to reassure the client, assuring them they are in a peaceful and safe place. In which a client has the ability to speak without sense judged and is able to feel safe enough, to discuss their thoughts and thoughts and things that are going on within their life. Although that is a process, and the first of all few sessions are predominantly about the setting up of trust between counsellor and client. Therefore it is very important that your client will not feel over-driven by the counsellor or that the counsellor will not abuse this power. Although it should be apparent at some point to the client that both client and counsellor are equivalent. As a counsellor in person-centred counselling the misuse of power can occur, however as Merry (2002) states, a non-directive methodology is important.

When following the BACP’s guidelines and working out given as a trainee, the misuse of power should not occur. Once the trust is in place, the counsellor can help the right environment for the client; they now have a much better knowledge of. A counsellor also helps a client develop an internal locus of evaluation, dissolving any circumstances of worth placed upon your client and your client becomes more congruent with themselves. Setting up trust with a client that does not desire to be there may be greatly difficult which is where in fact the seven stages of process comes into play.

The seven phases of procedure was hypothesised by Rogers as additional of helpful information for himself and other counsellors to see if the customer was progressing or trapped at a set stage also to assist bringing a therapeutic modification for the client. However, because of this process to attain full potential, the six required and sufficient conditions must be in place, along-part keeping the client’s trust. The procedure of change can get started from the stages and your client does not necessarily begin from the first stage. For instance a client may get started at stage four but at some point go into stage two, because this is no linear process and every client is different. However, once the customer is in a collection stage they’ll build on activities before moving onto another.

Fiedler in the 50’s asked a number of counsellor’s what they had considered the best parts for a therapeutic romantic relationship. Carl Rogers in 1957, developed from Fiedler’s analysis and Roger’s made the six important and enough conditions for therapeutic change. The three most significant factors of the six will be that of unconditional confident regard, congruence and empathy. Wilkins (2003), states that it has never been asserted these are ‘the core circumstances’ but there were many reports around these ‘conditions’ separately and together to see how effective they happen to be. As Sharf (2011) states, research has proven that if the key conditions are in place this can bring therapeutic change. However, these as Wilkins (2003) explains, have never been tested, which means results are inconclusive. How can the volume of unconditional positive regard from a counsellor to a client be measured and even tested?

Therapeutic modification is openness to see as McLeod (2003) clarifies from a client generalising the environment to accepting it with time as personal knowledge. To benefit from the therapeutic change your client must be ready to start out the trip of self-exploration, as though a client were to come in at stage one it might be less likely that they would be ready or take advantage of the process. This is an activity of

assisting the client to experience and understand their personal value as a person and with this your client becoming stronger with their self, slowly becoming closer to a far more internal locus of analysis. Reaching this point is along the right path for your client to aim to reach the self-actualisation.

Self-actualisation revolves around incongruence which in turn can be inconsistent with the experiencing method. Person-centred remedy can assist a client to reconnect with their self-actualising tendency which have been thwarted previously by conditions of worth or placing their individual locus of evaluation beyond themselves subsequently losing their internal valuing procedure. The actualising inclination, being related to the organismic valuing method, which was said by Rogers (1951) that there was a very important factor that aided the production of a person, which he called the actualising inclination. He goes on to state that, if a person was to experienced all the take pleasure in and support during childhood, then they would have been given the proper components to help see your face to achieve the actualising tendency. Where-as somebody who was not given the like and support that was needed to support nourish for the actualising inclination, would suffer from conditions of worth.

Conditions of worthy of are what we get as children as there exists a strong should be loved, after that being told the correct way’s to behave and believe and sometimes feel which in turn causes people to put conditions that in the future in life we have a tendency to look for in others or in experiences and if the conditions do not fit that to which are thought to be acceptable, they can be denied all together. These conditions of value would then continue to become the necessity for positive regard, trying to make sure you others through what they believe that to be the right way or right thing, instead of following what the personal wants or demands. This need for positive regard make a difference your choice making and assurance of a person due to the must be loved or valued.

If a person has had a crucial and judgemental upbringing or has got been surrounded by crucial and judgmental people, this might cause a person to find approval and positive regard, this requires a person from their organismic valuing method too, which creates a self-concept. This it-personal can create a dependence on external authorities for guidance or a have to please others, which then in turn turns into incongruent to self. It has been referred to as locus of analysis. Locus of evaluation is what Merry (2002: 26) says is normally a “development of great self-regard…vulnerable to the evaluations of others” and with this thought an individual can become never to trust their own internal experiencing, therefore becoming external. To start to become a fully performing person, the locus of evaluation must be found and exercised which is accomplished through person centred counselling. However, a client can want to stay as performing without feeling forced to become fully functioning person.

The key concepts personally centred counselling are the self and unconditional Positive regard. The importance of self is a travel inside everybody to attain full potential, attempting to better themselves my spouse and i.e. self-actualisation. Maslow’s hierarchy of necessities is best way to describe a person’s needs going from the essential survival needs of water and food all the way to the very best of self-actualisation. The hierarchy fits quite properly into Roger’s person-centred theory, which is all about the self. Someone who has been cut back down to the essential survival needs through melancholy etc., and without realising will go up through this chart and possibly at some point come back down through the phases as there is absolutely no limit in lifestyle to how many circumstances a person will continue up or down the chart. Now, a customer, being conscious of their own feelings and personal experiences due to starting counselling, can slowly start building themselves back again up to attaining the self-actualisation.

The actualising tendency was defined by Carl Roger’s (1959), as summarised by Vincent (2005: 25) as “the inherent tendency of the organism to build up all its capacities with techniques which serve to keep or improve the organism.”

In the counselling quest of a person, self-discovery and self-awareness become apparent, by owning their private feelings with all the ‘I’ declaration, and understanding their personal needs and feelings, that is called the self-idea. If one has not reached the stage where they say that ‘I think’ or ‘I am’ then this is a state of incongruence to the self as in place of the ‘I’ declaration will be generalisations.

As explained by Nevid (2008:500) “Roger’s thought that the self may be the centre of the individual experience”.

McLeod, (2009) stated that the person centred approach begins and ends with experience and it is this that builds on the phenomenological methods knowledge. Phenomenology is a person’s personal experience which is usually central to person centred counselling. McLeod (2009), also states that the purpose of phenomenology is to pick out the nature and top quality of personal knowledge whilst bracketing off assumptions, and therefore the counsellor will not apply their very own assumptions or experiences into that of a clientele. Phenomenology is used in a few therapies to check out the client’s connection with a bad period that that they had or have, operating alongside existential philosophy, exploring areas of crisis in the here and now, giving the client the essential knowing that they control their very own lives. Tudor et al (2006) says that Roger’s had not been teaching phenomenology or existentialism but the person-centred approach shares a few of the same values and assumptions of both of the techniques/ philosophies.

Carl Rogers thought that if the right conditions were in place in a counselling setting, a person could accomplish self-actualisation. Although the core conditions cannot be proved because of the argument of if it is usually measured of how much unconditional positive respect etc. a person has been given, the theory over the years seems to have confirmed itself with the acceptance of people studying the idea or turning into counsellors and people seeking out to be counselled or even sent to see a counsellor. Therefore the part and function of a counsellor in person-centred counselling has been talked about throughout, mentioning key factors including the seven stages of method, the six important and adequate conditions for therapeutic modification and actualising inclination and how these aid a person on their own personal counselling quest. As all elements mentioned, are for some reason or other from the person-centred theory all of them are vital for a trainee counsellor to get studying them and how exactly to use the skills such as empathy, congruence and unconditional great regard, amongst others. The organismic personal is definitely of upmost importance in the humanistic procedure because of it being the primary self and when this is jolted the locus of evaluation is placed beyond the self, leading to incongruence to the personal and the much longer this goes on for can it can become more damaging toward your client psychologically. That’s where a customer would then visit a counsellor or be delivered to see a counsellor, therefore beginning the trip to learning to be a happier person, on the ladder to achieving self-actualisation.


Burnard, P. (2005). Counselling Skills for MEDICAL RESEARCHERS: Fourth Edition. Nelson Thornes LTD: Cheltenham.

Lietaer, G. (1984). Unconditional positive regard: A controversial basic frame of mind in client-centred remedy. In Tursi, M. and Cochran, J. (2006). Journal of Counselling & Creation. Fall2006, Vol. 84 Issue 4, p388.

McLeod, J. (2009). An introduction to counselling: 4th Edition. McGraw-Hill: England.

Merry, T. (2002). Learning and staying in person-centred counselling. Second ed. PCCS Books: Manchester.

Nevid, J. (2008). Psychology: Concepts and applications. Cengage learning: USA.

Sharf, R. (2011). Theories of Psychotherapy & Counseling: Principles and Instances. Fifth ed. Cengage Learning: Belmont.

Tudor, K. and Worrall, M. (2006). Person-Centred Therapy: A Clinical Philosophy. Routledge: Hove.

Tursi, M. and Cochran, J. (2006). Journal of Counselling & Development. Fall2006, Vol. 84 Issue 4, p387-396.

Vincent, S. (2005). Staying Empathic: A Companion For Counsellors And Therapists. Radcliffe publishing: Oxon.

Wilkins, P. (2003). Person-Centred Therapy in Emphasis. Sage: London.

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